Inside-out access: A new method of lead placement for patients with central venous occlusions

June 1, 2011

PUBLICATION: HeartRhythm, Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society, Volume 8, Issue 6, Pages 851-857

Physicians will increasingly encounter patients who require rhythm management devices but have venous obstructions that prevent conventional access. Alternate access options, such as thoracotomy or transiliac approaches, exist but are associated with greater cost and morbidity.